Factoring Accounts Receivable

07 December 2021

factoring receivables definition

Usually, Business sells goods and services to its customers either in cash or on credit. In case of credit, the Business normal balance sends an Invoice to the customers, which is typically paid back to the business as per terms of credit .

factoring receivables definition

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factoring receivables definition

A Form UCC­1 , also called a Financing Statement, is a form filed by a creditor, stating that the creditor holds an interest in the property of a non-paying debtor. Provided as security for an obligation, such as a debt, a security interest is an interest in property other than real estate. A personal guarantee is a contract between a seller and a funding provider through which the seller accepts liability and personal responsibility for financial obligations.

What Is Invoice Factoring And How Does It Work?

The business then sells all its invoices to a third party called the factor. The factor pays the seller, after recording transactions deducting some discount on the invoice value. The rate of discount in factoring ranges from 2 to 6 percent.

Thus, factoring forms an important part of a business, especially those businesses which are big in size. However, if used wisely and to the benefit of the company, it can help the business to grow significantly. The company needs to show all the details about company customers and sales to factor. There are various types of factoring such as recourse and non-recourse, advance and maturity, full factoring, disclosed and undisclosed, domestic and cross-border. Payment terms refers to the agreed timeframe your customer has to pay you after you have invoiced them. On the due date (i.e., after six months), M/s X collects the same from the customer.

The factoring company would charge an annual fee of 3% of credit sales. This would save the debt administration costs of US25,000 per year. Essentially, the company selling the receivables is transferring the risk of default by its customers to the factor. As a result, the factor must charge a fee to help compensate for that risk. Also, how long the receivables have been outstanding or uncollected can impact the factor fee. The factoring agreement can vary between financial institutions. For example, a factor may want the company to pay additional money in the event one of the company’s customers defaults on a receivable.

factoring receivables definition

By contrast, nonrecourse factoring means that credit risk is taken fully by a factor, i.e., the seller of receivables isn’t liable for paying any damages if the debtor fails to pay invoices on time. This type of factoring agreement assumes that the factor should assess credit risk carefully before entering into an agreement and refuse if the credit risk is unacceptable.

The Difference Between Factoring And Credit Insurance

In a factoring relationship, all payments collected for accounts receivable are to be sent to the lender, typically to a “lock-box” under their control. Customers are to be notified of this by a Notification of Assignment letter which will also contain the new payment instructions. Invoices sent by the borrower to their customers will be required to contain the new payment instructions as well. Many small businesses struggle financially, but factoring receivables is one of the most popular ways to grow a business and generate cash flow. To make the arrangement economically profitable, most factoring companies have revenue minimums (e.g. at least $500,000 in annual revenue) and require annual contracts and monthly minimums.

  • If we assume the non-recourse factoring, even the default risk is borne by the factor.
  • It is a growing business since lower restrictions as compared to those associated with the typical banks.
  • Because factors extend credit not to their clients but to their clients’ customers, they are more concerned about the customers’ ability to pay than the client’s financial status.
  • Even then factoring also became the dominant form of financing in the Canadian textile industry.
  • As the terms dictate, the remaining outstanding invoice balance can either be written off or pursued as usual.
  • In this journal entry, the amount of interest paid will be considered the cost of getting cash earlier than expected.

The business accounts receivables factoring process has its advantages, but it also comes with a cost. The factor will charge your company a percentage of the gross amount of the factored invoice as a commission, subject to a minimum, specified dollar-per-invoice amount. The factor will also charge an additional commission or surcharge on certain customer accounts based on the financial information the factor maintains on the customer. In addition, in almost all cases, your company will be charged a monthly, quarterly, semiannual, or annual minimum commission amount. Despite how much users try to avoid making an error, it is impossible to eliminate user errors.

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One consequence of professionals not having direct experience with factoring arrangements is that they will compare the dollar costs of a factoring arrangement with those of a banking arrangement. However, they often do not recognize that the arrangements are quite different with factoring suited to some firms, particularly rapidly growing ones and some turnarounds.

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At Altline, We Break Out Our Receivable

Selective factoring is a type of invoice factoring where individual or small bundles of invoices are factored, as opposed to large amounts or the entire sales ledger. The factoring company pays you the bulk of factoring receivables definition the invoiced amount immediately, typically up to 80-90% of the value, after verifying that the invoices are valid. Invoice factoring is also referred to as accounts receivable factoring or debt factoring.

Why Does A Company Go For Factoring Of Account Receivables?

If an unexpected increase in credit risk occurs, the factor can reduce the advance rate as well as set lower limits on the maximum credit line, which can cause an unexpected decrease in cash flow. In some cases, bank lenders will place restrictions as to how the loaned funds can be used. For instance, the bank may require the money go toward equipment, vehicles or furnishings versus payroll expenses or marketing.

Factoring, on the other hand, only solves the problem of limited cash flow due to slow-paying clients. For this reasons medical receivables factoring companies have developed to specifically target this niche. The emergence of these modern forms has not been without controversy.

Requirements For A Factor

You will not be able to change any of the terms of sale on an approved account without the factor’s prior written consent, and, in general, you must ship the goods in accordance with the factor’s written approval. The factor can change or withdraw a credit approval at any time before the goods are delivered to the customer, and, in such cases, the account receivable arising from the sale of the goods becomes a nonapproved account. In addition, if a customer alleges a dispute with respect to a factored account, the factor no longer has the credit risk on the account and the account becomes a nonapproved account. Be sure to discuss with the factor how much time your company has to work out disputes with customers before the account becomes a nonapproved account. A factor is a company offering accounts receivable factoring services for small business financing. The first is asset based lending which is a loan secured by business assets.

Some debtors are suspicious of factoring and prefer to avoid it. Moreover, an aggressive collection policy of a factor may cause its client to lose customers. Factored accounts receivable can’t be pledged as collateral to secure other loans. When QuickBooks a factored invoice is due, the debtor pays its face value to the factor. You need to use good judgment regarding which invoices are chosen to be factored. Your fees will increase, at least slightly, the longer an invoice remains outstanding.


Most factoring agreements provide for an initial term of between one and three years with automatic renewals after the initial term. Your company will have the right to terminate the factoring agreement at the end of the initial term or any renewal term by giving the factor usually 60 to 90 days notice prior to the end of the initial or renewal term. The factoring agreement normally includes an early-termination fee if your company wants to terminate the factoring agreement at any time other than at the end of the initial or renewal term. The factor will have the right to terminate the factoring agreement at any time (i.e., not just at the end of the initial or renewal term) by giving usually 30 to 60 days prior written notice to your company. In addition, the factor will have the right to terminate the factoring agreement immediately upon any default.

Factoring provides you with cash fast, but it usually costs more than traditional financial solutions offered by lenders. With factoring, the rate and the advantage are used in conjunction to determine your actual rate, which usually results in a 1-4% rate per 30 days. Traditional loans and lines of credit can be used for any number of reasons to help your business remain successful, such as paying suppliers, purchasing a storefront, and stocking inventory.